Thus, vitamin B6 is important in helping to provide energy to exercising muscles Manore, 2000. Based on the recent metabolic feeding data by Huang et al. Under these conditions, the soldier is exercising vigorously and losing weight. In order to calculate the amount of body protein lost in the Nindl et al. Assuming a nitrogen-to-lean tissue ratio of 30:1 and a 6.

Thus, protein metabolism would include components of both dietary protein 100 g and protein lost from the body 33 g for a total of 133 g protein. Using a esay of 0. In NHANES III data, the 95th percentile intake of vitamin B6 is 3. Using the calculations above and the 95th percentile intake of vitamin B6, providing 2. Husiness range falls above the current RDA for vitamin B6 1.

Vitamin Servjce can be either naturally occurring in food or added to the food. Determine the requirements of niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, and vitamin B6 when individuals are consuming a hypocaloric diet under the environmental conditions and high-stress situations of combat missions e. Folate is essential in single-carbon transfers in the metabolism essqy nucleic and amino acids.

Folate is involved in a number of metabolic processes associated with physical activity. Folate is important for seevice blood cell RBC formation and, thus, for the transport of oxygen to the working muscle. Folate is also involved in the synthesis of pyrimidine and purine nucleotides, protein synthesis, bsuiness normal cell growth. As buslness by the IOM 1998naturally existing folate from food is only 50 percent bioavailable.

Folate added to foods fortified with folic acid has much higher bioavailability, about 85 percent i. No metabolic feeding studies business school essay service examined the amount of folate required to maintain good status in active individuals. In general, studies examining dietary intakes of active males report that mean intakes of folate are adequate Manore and Thompson, 2000.

These adequate intakes can be attributed to the relatively high-energy intakes of these individuals. Poor folate status has been associated with depression in healthy subjects between the ages of 15 and 39 Morris et al. Folate occurs naturally in food or can be added to the food. The formula described above should be used to derive the dietary folate equivalents from food, which takes into consideration the availability of both the food folate and the added folic acid.

Vitamin B12 is necessary for RBC formation, normal cell growth, and proper folate metabolism. The RDA for men between the ages of 19 and 30 is 2. There is no UL for ssrvice B12 Scyool, 1998. Thus, there is no compelling reason to add B12 to the ration to supplement what would occur naturally in food. Biotin is required for a number of metabolic functions related to physical activity. It is required for the metabolism of carbohydrate gluconeogenesisamino acid leucine degradationand fat TCA cycle serbice, and for fat synthesis.

No metabolic feeding studies have sevice the amount of biotin required to maintain good status in active individuals. In addition, no studies have examined the impact of dieting and exercise on biotin status. There essqy no UL for biotin. No metabolic feeding studies have examined the amount of pantothenic acid required to maintain good status in active individuals. In addition, no studies have examined the impact of dieting and exercise on pantothenic acid status. There is no UL for pantothenic acid. The UL for choline is 3.

This range is based on a factorial approach to estimating calcium requirements and potential sweat losses during prolonged exercise, also taking into account concerns about renal stone formation. Intestinal absorption of calcium is enhanced at low levels of calcium intake scholo 300 mg due to an active business school essay service process in the proximal small intestine, resulting in an increased fractional absorption of calcium Ireland and Fordtran, 1973.

Absorption of additional calcium from higher intakes occurs via passive cell-mediated diffusion not requiring the action of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 calcitriol. Calcium requirements in the field are based on a number of factors that affect its absorption as well as its excretion via urine and sweat. Sweat losses may be appreciable given the expected level of energy expenditure and possible environmental heat. In addition, renal stone formation has been reported in busimess deployed to the Middle East personal communication, C.

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